Since 1974, World Environment Day has been celebrated every year on 5 June, engaging governments, businesses and citizens in an effort to address pressing environmental issues. 143 different countries Worldwide take part to this important initiative and 2021 sees Pakistan as the host country of the event.
The World Environment Day has been a platform for raising awareness on environmental issues such as marine pollution, human overpopulation, global warming, sustainable consumption and wildlife crime.
The theme of the World Environment Day wants to underline how humans, for too long, have been exploiting and destroying the Planet’s ecosystems. According to studies from the UN every three seconds, the world loses enough forest to cover a football pitch and over the last century we have destroyed over half of our wetlands. Freshwater ecosystems are incredibly important as they supply food, water and energy to billions of people, protect from draught and floods and represent a unique habitat for many plants and animals. However, unfortunately, they are particularly degraded, as they face pollution from chemicals, plastics, sewage, over-fishing and over extraction of water to irrigate crops and supply home drinking water. The freshwater ecosystem comprises mangroves, inland lakes, rivers and wetlands. These last being drained for agriculture, with about 87% lost globally over the last 300 years and more than the 50% just since 1900. Unfortunately, one in three freshwater species is threatened with extinction. The importance of protecting and restoring freshwater systems is vital for our future.
Alongside with the issue related to freshwater, as much as 50 per cent of our coral reef has been lost and up to 90 per cent could be lost by 2050, also because of global warming.
Loss of habitat on land can also represent a threat for the creation, development and spread of new pathogens (diseases).
vFocusing on recovering ecosystems is the solution for our future. Without a healthy environment, we will not have a future. Each of us can make a difference, independently on where we live. By choosing km zero products, driving less, paying attention to the heating systems of our homes, use nature resources only when necessary, do not waste, buy only what is really needed, choose second hands products over new ones and reduce to the minimum the use of plastic and fossil fuels can really make a difference. Each of us has the duty to think about our planet as without nature, we can’t survive!
World Environment Day – Hope for the future:
This World Environment Day will kick off the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration, a global mission to revive millions of hectares, from forests to farmlands, from the top of mountains to the depth of the sea.
This ten year plan also includes encouraging people to take small actions accessible to everyone, every day, such as: growing trees, greening our cities, rewilding our gardens or cleaning up trash from river sides and coasts.
There has never been a more urgent need to restore our planet’s ecosystems, whose main cause of destruction is over exploitation of resources and human overpopulation and expansion.
World Environment Day, Every Day.
For more info on this topic, please visit: www.worldenvironmentday.global
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